However, the ability of financial education alone to affect delay discounting in non-substance abusing populations has not been investigated.
It assesses an additional personality pathway to impulsive behavior, Positive Urgency, in addition to the four pathways assessed in the original version of the scale: Urgency now Negative Urgencylack of Premeditation, lack of Perseverance, and Sensation Seeking UPPS-P short version UPPS-Ps  is item scale that evaluates five different impulsivity facets 4 items per dimension.
Class sessions for the course were fifty minutes and were held three times a week. Also, the Rothbart effortful control measure and the Big Five Conscientiousness dimension are thought to tap some of the effortful processes underlying the ability to suppress saccade.
One theory suggests that it is exposure combining with the speed that a reward can be obtained that influences an individual to choose lesser immediate rewards over greater rewards that can be obtained later.
Therefore, effective techniques that alter delay discounting are of great interest. In fact, preference reversals, or the tendency to switch from a self-controlled choice to an impulsive one as the time to receiving the impulsive choice approaches, have clear implications for financial decision-making.
In a series of studies, Hinson, Jameson and Whitney found that engaging in tasks that tax working memory increased impulsive choice as measured by delay discounting [ 30 ].
In general, automatic processes are those that are experiential in nature, occur without involving higher levels of cognition,  and are based on prior experiences or informal heuristics.
Our findings support the hypothesis that drugs of abuse alter performance across independent behavioral measures of impulsivity. Variation in rate of diagnoses may be attributed to differences between populations i.
In addition, brief, state-dependent increases in impulsive behaviors may also increase drug use. Three subscales are computed from this measure: Impulsiveness, Venturesomeness, and Empathy.