Anatomy and physiology of ckd

The condition of individuals with CKD, who require either of the two types of kidney replacement therapy dialysis or transplantis referred to as the end-stage kidney disease ESKD.

chronic kidney disease pathophysiology ppt

Acute renal failure ARF is a syndrome described as unexpected or sudden lack of renal function kidney function resulting in buildup of urea and creatinine nitrogenous waste compounds. The term "non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease" NDD-CKD is a designation used to encompass the status of those persons with an established CKD who do not yet require the life-supporting treatments for kidney failure known as kidney replacement therapy RRT, including maintenance dialysis or kidney transplantation.

It may also be useful at an earlier stage e. Guidelines recommend treatment with parenteral iron prior to treatment with erythropoietin. About one of five adults with hypertension and one of three adults with diabetes have CKD. Middle molecular weight molecules are removed more effectively with hemodialysis using a high-flux membrane, hemodiafiltration and hemofiltration.

Control of blood pressure and treatment of the original disease are the broad principles of management.

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Chronic kidney disease