Most teachers begin their career with moderate to high self-efficacy for teaching, but often experience a sharp decline during the first year of teaching. Teaching and Teacher Education, 23, — Fitzgerald Eds.
Teacher efficacy: A construct validation. New York: Guilford Press. Previous research generally depicts teachers as a homogeneous group, relying on variable-centered approaches and including self-efficacy as a scaling score, which may not be applicable at the individual level.
Teaching and Teacher Education, 47, — Google Scholar Woolfolk Hoy, A. They enroll in the EGEN seminar for the entire semester. From resistance to advocacy for math literacy: One teacher's literacy identity transformation.
After the first year, their self-efficacy begins to increase but rarely rises to the level it was prior to beginning teaching.