Erik erikson s psychological theory

These individuals may feel disconnected or uninvolved with their community and with society as a whole.

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Isolation Intimacy versus isolation is the sixth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Freud's concepts, while influential on Erikson, are not however fundamental to Erikson's theory, which stands up perfectly well in its own right.

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Some guilt is, of course, necessary; otherwise the child would not know how to exercise self-control or have a conscience. They may also feel shameful when they see other children of their age performing these tasks. This may have a negative impact on their social life and may also hinder their creativity. Am I okay or naughty? It's worth noting also that these days there's a lot more 'life' and complexity in the final old age stage than when the eight stages were originally outlined, which no doubt fuelled Joan Erikson's ideas on a 'ninth stage' after Erik's death. In later stages of adolescence, the child develops a sense of sexual identity. Erikson called these successful balanced outcomes 'Basic Virtues' or 'Basic Strengths'. Psychology: The science of mind and behavior. Seen in its social context, the life stages were linear for an individual but circular for societal development: [33] In Freud's view, development is largely complete by adolescence. If not allowed to discover their own talents in their own time, they will develop a sense of lack of motivation, low self-esteem, and lethargy. Aggressive behaviors, such as throwing objects, hitting, or yelling, are examples of observable behaviors during this stage. New York: Basic books.

People who disagree with Freud, and especially his psychosexual theory, can ignore the Freudian aspect and still find Erikson's ideas useful. Eriksons' work is as relevant today as when he first outlined his original theory, in fact given the modern pressures on society, family and relationships - and the quest for personal development and fulfilment - his ideas are probably more relevant now than ever.

Erik Erikson believed if we see our lives as unproductive, feel guilt about our past, or feel that we did not accomplish our life goals, we become dissatisfied with life and develop despair, often leading to depression and hopelessness.

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Where do babies come from? Identity: Youth and crisis. New York, NY: Norton.

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Erik Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development