Reducing prejudice and stereotypes essay
The students who had been confronted expressed less prejudice and fewer stereotypes on subsequent tasks than did the students who had not been confronted.
Social norms define what is appropriate and inappropriate, and we can effectively change stereotypes and prejudice by changing the relevant norms about them. Johnson describes a study he conducted in which he showed participants faces of Black and White people; later he showed these participants some of the same faces, mixed in with new ones, and asked the participants to recall whether they had seen each face or not.
How to unlearn prejudice
Realistic conflict theory proposes that intergroup conflicts arise between groups as they compete over the same limited resources. Self-Regulation Model SRM It is perhaps the most important process of reducing discrimination as more scholars assign it a long-term effect. Theory tells us that prejudice-reduction interventions can backfire if they are regarded as 'favouring' certain groups, or if they reinforce stereotypes, yet this does not appear to have been fully appreciated. The jig-saw classroom. Being able to quickly categorize information allows us to interact and react quickly, but it also leads to mistakes. It is also important to reiterate the point that real change is only possible if people are motivated to change: "Unfortunately, field research on prejudice reduction does not have much to say about influencing those who do not sign up for anti-prejudice interventions Paluck and Green Pendry et al point out that diversity training "differs from the superordinate concept of diversity management in that it does not necessarily imply any background change in system-level structure, decision making or organization ethos" This echoes findings in the previous section and supports the theoretical arguments that 'learning through doing' is more effective than simply being told that certain attitudes and behaviours are 'wrong'. In many cases, our preferences for ingroups may be relatively harmless—we may prefer to socialize with people who share our race or ethnicity for instance, but without particularly disliking the others. Short-term 'diversity training' courses In many ways, the interventions discussed in the previous section could be termed 'diversity training' because the objective is to help people value diversity, as opposed to fearing difference - a key cause of prejudice.
Jetten, J. These often take place in corporate workplaces, and with adults as opposed to children and adolescents, though some do focus on younger people. Mental illnesses are common today and the stigmas that follow behind it.
Origins of prejudice
This study reminds us that our biases are malleable: Learning about them can give you the self-insight and motivation you need to undertake the journey of change. And if we encourage college students to travel abroad, they will meet people from other cultures and become more positive toward them. Sutton et al propose that initiatives should be tested with target audiences in pilot projects before launching, then monitored throughout. In order to make sense of the world around us, it's important to sort information into mental categories. Rather, that the key message is that it is important to be careful about how these activities are approached and to consider that some types may work better than others. This section, however, looks at more short-term and isolated diversity training programmes, rather than focused and longer term interventions targeted at certain populations. Sechrist, G. Supreme Court case Brown v. In sum, we can say that contact will be most effective when it is easier to get to know, and become more respectful of, the members of the other group and when the social norms of the situation promote equal, fair treatment of all groups. I vividly remember the experience of traveling in Beijing 20 years ago, on the hottest day of the year, and discovering that one could simply not find cold drinking water anywhere this is no longer true.
We cannot possibly avoid this process. A mixture of quantitative survey and qualitative methods were used.
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