The criminal voyeurism statute of some states cover "a place where [one] would have a reasonable expectation of privacy", meaning: A place where a reasonable person would believe that he or she could disrobe in privacy, without being concerned that his or her undressing was being photographed or filmed by another; or A place where one may reasonably expect to be safe from casual or hostile intrusion or surveillance.
If truth is not a constitutionally required defense, then it would be possible for the states to make truthful defamation of private individuals actionable and, more important, truthful reporting of matters that constitute invasions of privacy actionable.
There is no defense for these acts as opposed to defamation crimes. Second, being a violation of a Constitutional right of privacy, there may be no applicable statute of limitations in some jurisdictions specifying a time limit within which period a claim must be filed.
There are some occurrences where someone impersonates another individual to obtain confidential or personal identifiable information. At first glance, this may appear to be similar to defamation libel and slanderbut the basis for the harm is different, and the remedy is different in two respects.
Celebrities are not protected in most situations, since they have voluntarily placed themselves already within the public eye, and their activities are considered newsworthy.
First, unlike libel and slander, no showing of actual harm or damage to the plaintiff is usually required in false light cases, and the court will determine the amount of damages. Conceptually, however, the two rights differ".
This allowed people and journalists to take candid snapshots in public places for the first time. Constitution Annotated Toolbox.
Example: If someone's reputation was portrayed in a false light during a personnel performance evaluation in a government agency or public university, one might be wronged if only a small number initially learned of it, or if adverse recommendations were made to only a few superiors by a peer committee to department chair, dean, dean's advisory committee, provost, president, etc.
Perpetual harassment with habitual calls to the person may require legal action to stop.
They describe rights in trade secrets and unpublished literary materials, regardless whether those rights are invaded intentionally or unintentionally, and without regard to any value they may have.