Thesis on aristotle and plato

The village comes into being in order to move towards a greater degree of self-sufficiency and the satisfaction of more than daily recurrent needs.

Compare and contrast plato and aristotle philosophy

As was the case in Ancient Greece, there are many different political ideologies and regimes that will may serve the purpose for one society, but in another, could cause utter chaos. Aristotle in book X of the Nicomachean Ethics had a long discussion of how contemplation is what leads to a good life. This means that a state can only be natural if it is just, as defined by Plato, a condition not present in any existing state. Not only were they responsible for Greek enlightenment, but also foreshadowed the coming of Christ in there speculations. Plato is regarded by many experts as the first writer of political philosophy. Ariston died when Plato was a young boy. Courage is located in the guardian class, and is defined as the preservation of the belief of what things are to be feared as defined by law and education Republic, d. There are many philosophers that have many different views and opinions on philosophy. Then even though all states are just because they are natural, they still are unnatural and unjust because they do not follow the rules of specialized labor, that would make all states just and unjust and natural and unnatural at the same time. The natural end for a master is to rule, and the natural end for the slave is to be ruled, therefore, unless the two are paired together they will individually be forced to perform tasks that they are not created for and thus will not be acting in accordance with nature Politics, pg. Plato is forced to reject claims made by Aristotle stating that all states are natural and all citizens are capable of participating in politics.

The entire process of potential to actuality is call causation In conclusion, Plato's ideal state is constructed from the deeper non-realistic perspective while Aristotle comes to his conclusions regarding politics and states through observation of existing states and forms of government.

The definition of a citizen is someone who holds a judicial or deliberative office in his state for any fixed or unfixed amount of time, a state being any group of people large enough to be self-sufficient Politics, pg Because of their marvelous philosophers.

Plato and aristotle on the state

Though Aristotle was once a student of Plato, the two differ on the topic of how to best improve society for the benefit of mankind. Every state exists by nature because they are the completion of associations arising from essential human pairings Politics pg. According to Aristotle, things are seen as taking course and will eventually come to a stop when potential is reached. Not only were they responsible for Greek enlightenment, but also foreshadowed the coming of Christ in there speculations. Plato is often considered as the first writer of political philosophy while Aristotle is considered the first political scientist. The entire process of potential to actuality is call causation Plato and Aristotle are two such philosophers who had ideas of how to improve existing societies during their individual lifetimes. I will focus on their theories on the good life as a life of justice, censorship, knowledge and the good life. Plato and Aristotle: An Analysis Determining the best form of political association was important to the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle, and each of them expressed his opinion in important works such as the Republic and Politics. Aristotle now offers a definition of who is a member of a polis, also known as a citizen. Then even though all states are just because they are natural, they still are unnatural and unjust because they do not follow the rules of specialized labor, that would make all states just and unjust and natural and unnatural at the same time. Both of them attempted to describe what it means to be virtuous as a human being He first states that the ruler of the ideal state must be a philosopher king Republic, d. Although these two people started from similar settings, their ideas about virtue were actually different. He usually questioned a lot about traditions, religion and government.

These are questions that are as old as civilization itself. The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle believed that humans were political animals, thus the reason for organizing ourselves into a political state.

aristotle and plato essay

Origin being similar, there are not so great variation in opinion of both philosophers. In this essay, I will be talking about the three great philosophers: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle and how they help to define what exactly philosophy is.

They were both great thinkers in regards to, in part with Socrates, being the foundation of the great western philosophers.

Thesis on aristotle and plato

He was born in Athens in BC to an aristocratic and well-off family. If Plato accepts that all states are natural as stated by Aristotle, then he must accept that all states are also just according to his definition of justice.

Courage is located in the guardian class, and is defined as the preservation of the belief of what things are to be feared as defined by law and education Republic, d.

plato and aristotle

Forms are defined as things such as the essence of beauty and the essence of justice, which is everlasting, immaterial and can only be known through education Republic, e. Knowledge drives the philosopher away from ruling because it involves seemingly petty issues and unenlightened people; however, education from the state, virtue, and fear of being ruled by someone worse pulls forces the philosopher into ruling.

Similarities between plato and aristotle

In Book I of Politics, Aristotle describes how the state came into being and makes the claim that all states are natural. The notion that every citizen can participate in judging laws also assumes that every citizen knows the essence of justice, because every law in the ideal state is a reflection of that essence. The concept of specialization dictates political involvement because it forces politics to become a skill that must be mastered, like house building, a skill that requires a specific type of person naturally suited for that task. They were both great thinkers in regards to, in part with Socrates, being the foundation of the great western philosophers. An ideal state, he reasons will exist when each person does only what he is naturally suited for in order to guarantee the best quality work Republic, c. Since Aristotle was a student of Plato, there are definitely some similarities between the two. Wisdom in the ideal city is located in the ruling class, which are true guardians who possess a form of knowledge called wisdom Republic, e. Even though Aristotle termed reality as concrete, he stated that reality does not make sense or exist until the mind process it. What is knowledge to you? A person gets rid of their vices by following the example of an excellent person. Origin being similar, there are not so great variation in opinion of both philosophers. In the human world, there is a natural pairing of those dependent on one another for survival, two such relationships are the master-slave and male-female pairings.
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Comparing Aristotle and Plato Essay