Understanding how computer infects its history and types

The SCA virus, for instance, spread amongst Amiga users on disks with pirated software.

computer virus names

Elk Cloner was an Apple II boot sector virus that could jump from floppy to floppy on computers that had two floppy drives as many did. It can also be spread through infected removable storage devices, such USB drives.

What is computer virus and its types

Imagine an application on your computer has been infected by a virus. Bugs Bugs — flaws in pieces of software code — are not a type of malware but mistakes made by a programmer. But most of the big-name malware you've heard of in the 21st century has, strictly speaking, been worms or Trojans, not viruses. Just get some antivirus. Now offering a day free trial! The machine was huge, weighing 30 tons, using kilowatts of electric power and contained over 18, vacuum tubes, 1, relays, and hundreds of thousands of resistors, capacitors, and inductors. Boot sector viruses[ edit ] Email virus[ edit ] Email viruses are viruses that intentionally, rather than accidentally, uses the email system to spread. Stored programs A section of the Manchester Baby , the first electronic stored-program computer. As slide rule development progressed, added scales provided reciprocals, squares and square roots, cubes and cube roots, as well as transcendental functions such as logarithms and exponentials, circular and hyperbolic trigonometry and other functions. The virus will eventually be activated by the "trigger" which states which event will execute the virus, such as a date, the presence of another program or file, the capacity of the disk exceeding some limit or the user taking a certain action e.

Email attachments from known senders are safe. As slide rule development progressed, added scales provided reciprocals, squares and square roots, cubes and cube roots, as well as transcendental functions such as logarithms and exponentials, circular and hyperbolic trigonometry and other functions.

Types of computer virus and definition each type

Regularly patch the operating system and applications installed on the computer. Unfortunately, most users have woefully weak passwords. Computer virus history The first true computer virus was Elk Cloner , developed in by fifteen-year-old Richard Skrenta as a prank. Computer virus removal Once a virus is installed on your computer, the process of removing it is similar to that of removing any other kind of malware — but that isn't easy. First computing device A portion of Babbage's Difference engine. There are a couple other types you might want to be aware of: A macro virus infects macro applications embedded in Microsoft Office or PDF files. Examples of macro viruses: Melissa: distributed through email attachments, once this virus infects your PC it makes its way to your Microsoft Outlook mail client and mails itself to the first 50 contacts in your address book, potentially slowing down or even completely disabling servers in a chain reaction of suck. That's why most security pros are so insistent that you be very careful about executing email attachments, and why most email clients and webmail services include virus scanning features by default. Buy and use anti-spyware software. Rootkits are designed to go unnoticed and actively hide their presence. This is especially true if the virus has encrypted the boot sector or excessively damaged the code. In the s, as computers and operating systems grow larger and more complex, old hiding techniques need to be updated or replaced. Viruses spread when the software or documents they get attached to are transferred from one computer to another using a network, a disk, file sharing methods, or through infected e-mail attachments. Science fiction[ edit ] The first known description of a self-reproducing program in a short story occurs in a story by Gregory Benford which describes a computer program called VIRUS which, when installed on a computer with telephone modem dialling capability, randomly dials phone numbers until it hit a modem that is answered by another computer.

In the s, as computers and operating systems grow larger and more complex, old hiding techniques need to be updated or replaced. Each infected program will now contain a clone of the virus, which will itself enter a propagation phase.

Microsoft disabled macros by default in more recent versions of Word; as a result, hackers have used social engineering schemes to convince targeted users to enable macros and launch the virus.

Computer worm

In Word, macros are saved sequences for commands or keystrokes that are embedded in the documents. Common Infection Methods So how does your computer become infected by computer viruses or malware? A resident virus does this to programs as they open, whereas a non-resident virus can infect executable files even if they aren't running. Even then, of course, there's no such thing as percent security. According to TechEye , emerging forms of spyware may allow companies to track user behavior across multiple devices without their consent. Social engineering and poor security practices[ edit ] In order to replicate itself, a virus must be permitted to execute code and write to memory. Viruses that utilize this technique are said to be in metamorphic code.
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What Is a Computer Virus?